Magnezyum (Mg)

General Properties

Symbol Mg
Atomic Number 12
Atomic Weight 24.305
Group
2 (alkaline earth metals or beryllium family)
IIA (IUPAC), IIA (CAS)
Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, Alkaline Earth Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Period 3
Block s

Physical Properties

Density 1.74 g/cm3
Atomic Volume 14.0 cm3/mole
Atomic Radius 1.6 angstroms
Covalent Radius 130 pm
Crust Abundance 2.9%
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Color Silver

Energy

Electronegativity 1.3 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 0 kJ/mol
1st Ionization Energy 735 kJ/mol
2. Ionization Energy 1450.7 kJ/mol
3. Ionization Energy 7732.7 kJ/mol
4. Ionization Energy 10542.5 kJ/mol
5. Ionization Energy 13630 kJ/mol
6. Ionization Energy 18020 kJ/mol
7. Ionization Energy 21711 kJ/mol
8. Ionization Energy 25661 kJ/mol
9. Ionization Energy 31653 kJ/mol
10. Ionization Energy 35458 kJ/mol
11. Ionization Energy 169988 kJ/mol
12. Ionization Energy 189368 kJ/mol
Specific Heat Capacity 1.02 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 156.0 W·m−1·K−1

Electrons & Oxidation

Oxidation States 2
Electrons Per Shell 2 8 2
Electron Configuration [Ne] 3s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2
Orbital Diagram
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
 
 
 
3d
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive No

Media

Planetary Bohr Model of Magnezyum (Mg)
Lewis Dot Diagram of Magnezyum (Mg)
Description
Lightweight, malleable, silvery-white metal. Eighth most abundant element in the universe. Seventh most abundant element in the earth's crust.
Uses
Used in alloys to make airplanes, missiles and other uses for light metals. Has structural properties similar to aluminium. But since it is flammable at temperatures of burning gasoline, its uses are limited.
Sources
Usually obtained by electrolysis of melted magnesium chloride (MgCl2) found in sea water. Each cubic mile of seawater contains about 12 billion pounds of magnesium.
Pronounciation (English)
mag-NEE-zih-em

Translations

Afrikaans Magnesium
Aragonese Magnesio
العربية مغنيسيوم
Armãneashte Magneziumu
asturianu Magnesiu
azərbaycan dili Maqnezium
български Магнезий
বাংলা ম্যাগনেসিয়াম
brezhoneg Magnesiom
bosanski Magnezij[um]
Byelorussian Магній
Cebuano Magnesio
čeština Hořčík
Chuvash Магни
Cymraeg Magnesi
dansk Magnesium
Deutsch Magnesium
Ελληνικά Μαγνησιο
English Magnesium
esperanto Magnezio
español Magnesio
eesti Magneesium
euskara Magnesioa
فارسی منیزیم
suomi Magnesium
føroyskt Magnesium
français Magnésium
furlan Magnesi
West-Frysk Magnesium
Gaeilge Maignéisiam
Gàidhlig Maignèisiam
galego Magnesio
ગુજરાતી મૅગ્નેશિયમનો
Gaelg Magnaishum
Hakka Chinese Mî (鎂)
עברית מגנזיום
हिन्दी मैग्नेशियम
hrvatski Magnezij
magyar Magnézium
հայերեն Մագնեզիում
Indonesia Magnesium
íslenska Magnín, ²Magnesín
italiano Magnesio
日本語 マグネシウム
ქართული მაგნიუმი
کٲشُر Magnéz
қазақ тілі Магний
한국어 마그네슘
Kurdish Magnezyûm
Komi Магний
kernewek Magnysyum
кыргызча Магний
Latin Magnesium
Lëtzebuergesch Magnesium
Lombard Magnési
lingála Manezu
lietuvių Magnis
latviešu Magnijs
Mari Магний
Maori Konupora
македонски Магнезиум
മലയാളം മഗ്നീഷ്യം
монгол Магни
Мокшан Магни
Bahasa Melayu Magnesium
Malti Magniżjum, ²Manjeżju
Nahuatl Magnesio
Nederlands Magnesium
norsk Magnesium
Occitan Magnèsi
ирон Магний
polski Magnez
português Magnésio
Runasimi Qunta q'illay, ²Maqnisyu
română Magneziu
русский Магний
slovenčina Horčík
slovenščina Magnezij
Samoan Magnesimi
Samogitian Magnis
shqip Magnez, ²Magneziumi
српски Магнезијум
Southern Sotho Magnesiamo
svenska Magnesium
Kiswahili Magnesi
தமிழ் மக்னீசியம்
Tajik Магний
ไทย แมกนีเซียม
Türkçe Magnezyum
ئۇيغۇرچە ماگنىي
українська Магній
o‘zbek Magniy
Tiếng Việt Magiê
Võro Magneesium
中文

History

Discovered In
1755
Discovered By
Sir Humphrey Davy
Discovered At
England
Word Origin
From the Greek word "Magnesia", a district of Thessaly